?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> 美文

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        原子分析
        1. 追求知识,
        2. 探索未知,
        3. 人生有限,
        4. 精神无限

        原子说:人的基因与病毒的基因相似,也与计算机程序相似,这对自以为无所不能的人是一个打击?/span> 美文 妙语 自然 文言 古稀 下载 登录 留言

        茶?/p>

        作者:艾煊

        艾煊?922—)安徽舒城人,作家。有报告文学集《朝鲜五十天》,散文集《碧螺春汛》、《艾煊散文集》,长篇小说《乡关何处》、《山雨欲来》等?/p>

        茶和酒是千岁老友,但两人性格绝然相反。一个是豪爽,狞猛,讲义气的汉子,一个是文静,宽厚,重情谊的书生?/p>

        茶为内功,无喧嚣之形,无激扬之态。一盏浅注,清流,清气馥郁。友情缓缓流动,谈兴徐徐舒张。渐入友朋知己间性灵的深相映照?/p>

        酒为豪狂式的宣泄,茶为含蓄蕴藉式的内向情感?/p>

        酒入大脑,可产生摧毁性的强刺激。茶具有舒缓的渗透性潜入全身汗囊毛孔,缓缓生成温馨抚慰效应?/p>

        酒,饮前清香诱人,饮后浊气冲天,污及四邻空气。茶,饮前淡淡清气,渗透人体,弥漫于不易觉察的周围空间?/p>

        人之或嗜酒,或嗜茶,或兼及双嗜,并非着意选择,更非精心安排。其所以成癖者,有机缘,也有自然天成?/p>

        我嗜茶数十年,乃缘于出生绿茶之乡?/p>

        家乡小镇,坐落在大别山脚下。山上山下,酒道不兴,茶道畅行。毛尖、云雾、瓜片、小兰花,于峰顶、缓坡,漫漫成片。茶馆,茶叶店,比肩林立?/p>

        幼时生于是乡,壮年又入太湖茶乡,机缘相伴而来。因之曾种过茶,制过茶,品过茶?/p>

        茶之种,之制,之器,之藏,之饮,各有其术,各有其道,各有其情?/p>

        家乡小镇多茶馆。外地亲友来访,往往不在家中落座饮茶。浸泡于茶馆中,清茶,清谈,佐以清蔬淡点。此似为待客仪规。视主人钱囊奢、吝,客人风度文、鄙,而开台于雅座或大众厅?/p>

        我幼时,热水瓶属于高奢侈用品。普通人家盛茶,多用铜丝把紫砂壶,或提梁紫砂壶。一壶容量,约相当于五磅热水瓶半瓶或一瓶。将冲泡好热茶的紫砂壶,放进草编或棕丝编的茶焐中保暖。考究点的老茶客,手捧巴掌大的小巧紫砂壶。身边木炭炉上,坐着一把小铜壶,开水源源不绝地冲兑?/p>

        近若干年来,瓷杯、玻璃杯广为普及。原系大众化的紫砂杯、壶,反而抬举成高的饮器,更抬举成每件数千元上万元的极高工艺品?/p>

        茶叶焦干,易碎。茶叶店中,一桶茶叶卖到将尽时,桶底余茶,往往成了无叶片的茶叶末。揉碎之品,形变,质不变。茶中极品的茶叶末,其内质仍为高极品。只是外形不成条索,不美观。镇上精明的饮仙,日常家用茶,重质不重形。常饮用此高茶揉碎之末。重吃不重看,物美价廉?/p>

        酒,越陈越醇。茶,越新越香。酒重陈,茶重新。低新茶,有时并不逊于隔年之高陈茶?/p>

        茶,不一定名愈重者愈好。高山云雾间的荒山野茶,自采自炒。虽无部优国优桂冠,但常会超过高名茶。常人常趋向名声大的名茶。嗜茶老饕,总是将适合自己口味的茶,视为无上佳品?/p>

        雨花、龙井、眉珍、碧螺,其味不一。我常取数种茶搀和冲泡。有的取其清香味醇,有的取其甜苦味重,有的取其色、味稳定耐冲泡。集数种茶之长,调制出一味新品,以适应个人味蕾之需。此品不见茶经,不入茶谱。私名之谓调和茶,或效颦洋人鸡尾酒之名,取一不雅驯之名,曰鸡尾茶?/p>

        经杯、壶盖闷过的绿茶汤水,清香味全失,变成了煮熟茶叶的浊气。溺于饮道者,冲泡绿茶,往往用杯不用壶。用无盖陶瓷杯,或无盖紫砂杯?/p>

        一杯茶,吃数开,其味全变。先清淡,继清香,后甜苦,再后淡而无味,终至淡而生青草腥气?/p>

        居家吃茶,不妨并用两杯。以大杯泡叶成卤,极苦。喝时,另以一小杯倒点茶卤,再冲兑白开水,将其稀释成自己舌底满意的茶汤。以卤兑水稀释之茶,可使五杯八杯茶汤,保持大体同等浓度。持续葆有最惬意的口感,最氤氲馥郁之朦胧意境?/p>

        当代各种饮料中,茶的饮用方式主要在于品。若解渴,汽水、矿泉、橙汁、可乐、温开水、凉开水,皆可极迅速极有效地满足需要。饮茶则需轻啜慢抿,缓缓品味?/p>

        对于耽饮者,品,有助于缅念过去遥瞻未来,有助于独自浸溺于创造构思中,也有助于萌发友朋间隽言妙语之谈兴?/p>

        三分解渴七分提神,三分饮七分品,如此则绿茶直可达成灵肉兼美的效应?/p>

        选自1990??3日《光明日报?/p> 返回

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